If you’ve been lucky enough (or unlucky, depending on the quality) to inherit some of your great grandmother’s favorite china, then you probably don’t need this guide.
But for the rest of us who have to find our antiques at garage sales and thrift stores, being armed with as much knowledge about the past as possible helps us to identify just how old that deviled egg pan really is.
First we need to think about the actual usage of the dinnerware piece. Because eating habits changed so drastically from 1900 to 1999 it can be easy to tell by learning a little bit about how families ate together in different decades.
Also, dinnerware manufacturers stuck to standards and changes happened gradually over time. Because of this, identifying the age of dinnerware by certain characteristics is certainly easier than, say, a vintage pair of shoes.
How to Date Dinnerware by Pattern, Color or Shape
In the early 20th century, it was a family ritual to eat dinner together. Many middle class families had servants and many different pieces that each had its own specific purpose. Dinnertime was much more formal and the dinnerware reflected this accordingly. During World War I (1914-1918) American families ceased buying German and Japanese dinnerware.
Dinnerware made between 1900-1920 typically had flower patterns, especially violets. Calendar plates were also a popular item. They were generally pastel (again, violet) or had a white background. The shapes were very traditional and most plates had rims and a shaped edge.
As houses became smaller, the dining room and dinner table also shrunk. However, with the end of the war, Americans began importing foreign dinnerware again. The new era also brought in some new styles, bright colors and geometric shapes.
In the 1930s, spaghetti sets, corn-on-the-cob sets and deviled-egg plates were introduced. By the late 1930s, holiday dishes became popular. Families wanted turkey plates for Thanksgiving and in 1938 the first dinnerware set decorated with a Christmas tree was sold.
Pastels were still popular and stayed that way most of the century. Cream white or ivory sets with elaborate gilding were common. Homer Laughlin’s brightly colored Fiesta broke new ground. Floral borders carried the torch for classic design, but the solid colors made it easier for people to buy their dinnerware in pieces, with mix-and-match, individual style.
The forties were a revolutionary decade in many ways and dinnerware was no exception. All types of modern shapes were being experimented with. Deep red, blue and green were a classy choice, and the peasant (hand-painted) look became popular. Pastels, for once, were pushed to the back of the cupboard.
Contemporary designs stressed a rimless shape and the handles were more streamlined than ever. While dining together was still important, the dinner table became less formal, which required less pieces.
Neighbors and friends would often host each other, which led to the invention of the chip ‘n dip set.
In the 1950s, homes began combining the living room and dining room into the same space. This lack of space led to buffet style serving dishes such as casseroles. The rimless plates could be easily stacked. Grilling outdoors started to gain in popularity, which led to new inventions like tongs.
In 1954, Swanson introduced something called a “TV Dinner.” It was served on a foil tray. Mix-and-match sets grew ever more popular. The introduction of the microwave in 1955 all but killed gold trim on plate edges because they would spark in the microwave.
People went back to pastels and many dinnerware pieces from this era are muted in color. Some dinnerware had Colonial scenes and others were fantasy or Pop Art. Like everything else, dinnerware designers got very experimental in the 1960s.
Dinnerware got back to the basics in the 1970s. By this time, both men and women were working and families had less time for dinner. Dishes had to be convenient and versatile. They had to withstand a dishwasher, microwave and anything else the need-for-speed family could throw on it.
That’s not to say there weren’t great collections released during this time. New dinnerware and stoneware was heavy and rough-textured. The bicentennial increased demand for patriotic designs.
Still, many designers embraced a classic, no frills look, with soft colors, flowers or just simple and white.
Other Ways to Date Dinnerware
All types of dinnerware throughout the 20th century were emblazoned with themes from movies, books and television. Obviously these give you a good idea of when they were made.
Colonial scenes were popular in the 1930s due the restoration of Colonial Williamsburg. Mexican and Hawaiian themes were popular in the 1940s. Disney pieces also first became popular in the 1940s.
The southwestern look became popular in the 1950s and a lot of mix-and-match dinnerware was purchased during that time. Space-themed patterns were big in the late 1950s.
You can also date dinnerware by looking at certain words included in the marks. I wrote a whole article about that here.
There are lots of other ways to determine the age of dinnerware, and there have been several books written on the subject. But hopefully you learned something from this page and if you have anything to share please leave it in the comments below. Thank you for reading!
Purchased from LL Bean in the 1970’s or early 80’s. Dark Green with oak leaf and acorn design on all plates and mugs. Made in Japan. LL Bean also sold a matching oak leaf and acorn stainless steel service separately. I have broken several dinner plates and wish to replace them if possible.
I just picked up 35 pieces of this L.L. Bean ” Oak Leaf and Acorn” border dinnerware. I don’t have it listed yet, but if you contact me I’m sure we can work something out.
My mother received a small set of dishes from someone who says their grandparents purchased the set in Japan in the early 1900’s. I have pictures of the dishes. How can I find out what if any value the dishes have?
I have a small tea set made in Japan I believe 1920’s
Cup and saucers
Cream and sugar
Orange,black and gold triangle along the sides
Japanese picture in the middle
Just made in Japan on bottom
I have pictures how can I find out if there is any value other than sentimental
i have 90 plus red cliff ironware dishes and acc. 14 place settings plus various other things ie. pitchers serving dishes salt and pepper coffee pot tureen. does anybody buy this stuff i guess it was made in the 70’S since that is when my mom bought most of it. thanks rick
I have 3 x 20 cm / 8 inch plates with reg no 642826 in red on the back. Does anyone know how I can identify the pattern.
I inherited some Royal Ming porcelain china from my grandmother. Per Replacements LTD the pattern is RMI1. They have one pink and green maple leaf in the center. They have a crescent shaped Label on the back that says Royal Ming China -Made in Japan. Does anyone out there have any information about the Royal Ming China company?
I would like to know:
1. When this china was made
2. Where in Japan the company is or was located.
My grandmother owned a grocery store from the late 1920s until 1984. I suspect she got them from a vendor for selling their line of products or she got the out of boxes of detergent. She wasn’t the type of person who would have spent money for china. I am also looking for one more dinner plate to complete my 8 piece place settings. Thanks for any information. Debbie
I am using, what my mom told us was her “china”. She was married in the early 50s. It’s a very light gray, no design on it , and off to the side of the plates is the shape of a leaf, BOUT 2-3 LONG IN darker shade of gray. Each plate has a hand signature on the back. Wilard or Wulard. Last name starts with a G or D, I can’t quit make ou the rest of it, but it ends in 2 Gs, Ps, or Ys. Can you help me at all. It’s very cool and retro looking, (which was so NOT, my mom).
Thanks a lot.
I have a set of dishes. looks like clover painted on. Bottom has a cress with a M Z on the side of the crest at top and below is Austria.. Do you know the name or any history of this
I have a set of Sango Cordon Bleu china and I am trying to date it. I was wondering if you knew. I have tried to find it online but can’t seem to get a date for it.